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How to Write a Conclusion Paragraph for an Essay

22 March 2023


The importance of a strong conclusion paragraph in an essay

Often, students think a lot about how to write an intro paragraph, but the conclusion paragraph is also a critical component of any essay. Studies show that when it comes to audience perception, the last part of a text is at least as important as its beginning. The reader is left with a lasting impression of the writer's argument after reading a strong conclusion which satisfies, educates, or even moves the reader with the author's ideas. On the other hand, a weak or poorly written conclusion can leave the reader feeling unfulfilled or confused about the argument. This is why for every aspiring academic writer, it is important to know how to write a conclusion paragraph for an essay.

  • One of the primary reasons a strong ending is so important is that it provides closure for the reader. In order to bring an essay to its natural end, it's often enough to simply summarize the main points of the essay and restate the thesis statement. At least, without it, a paper might feel incomplete, leaving the reader with unanswered questions and a "just what did the author actually mean to say here?" sense of dissatisfaction.
  • When an essay is written to convince someone of a thesis that it not immediately obvious, a well-written and meaningful conclusion is also important, since it can linger with the reader long after the material is finished. This is especially crucial when the essay is written for a specific audience, because the conclusion may reaffirm the writer's argument and urge the reader to act or reflect on their views and values. Consider: do you want to be the type of author that encourages others to be better? If so, pay extra attention to your conclusion.
  • A solid conclusion helps to bind all components of an essay together, resulting in an united and cohesive argument. A writer may illustrate the depth and complexity of their thoughts and leave a lasting impact on the reader by summarizing the important arguments and demonstrating how they all support the thesis statement.

In summary, learning how to write an essay requires you to develop a great conclusion. It may make all the difference in how a reader views the writer's argument and ideas by offering closure, making a lasting impact, and building an unified argument. Next, we will move on to the more specific question of structuring your conclusion in a proper way.

Structure of conclusion paragraph

The structure of the finishing paragraph typically includes three main components: a restatement of the thesis, a summary of the main points, and a final statement or call to action.

  • Restating the thesis reminds the reader of the main argument presented in the essay. It should be phrased differently than in the introduction to offer a sense of closure, rather than a feeling that the essay represents an endless circle.
  • Summarizing the major points offers a quick summary of the essay's primary arguments and evidence, which highlights its main concepts and illustrates how they contribute to the thesis.
  • The final statement or call to action offers an opportunity to leave a lasting impression on the reader. This could be a thought-provoking question, a call to action, or a reflection on the broader implications of the topic.

Carefully consider the conclusion as you write, because only a well-structured conclusion can show the reader the primary ideas and emotions of the text with a sufficient sense of insight.

Examples of conclusion paragraph from MrsWriter

The best concluding paragraphs of world literature excel at stating complex themes and ideas in only a few paragraphs. Many authors spend quite a lot of time on the question of “how to write concluding sentence”. In this article, we will explore some examples of final paragraphs from essays on world literature, examining the different techniques used by writers to create impactful and memorable endings.

"As he walked towards the scaffold, he couldn't help but think of the injustices he had witnessed in his life. He hoped that his death would spark change, that his sacrifice would not be in vain. As the noose tightened around his neck, he closed his eyes and whispered, 'Liberty, equality, fraternity.'" - from a reflection on "A Tale of Two Cities" by Charles Dickens "In the end, the realization hit her like a ton of bricks. She had been so focused on finding happiness in external things that she had overlooked the one thing that truly mattered - herself. She made a promise to never lose sight of that again, and to always prioritize her own well-being above all else." - from a reflection on "The Bell Jar" by Sylvia Plath "As she boarded the train and watched the city disappear behind her, she felt a sense of relief wash over her. She had finally found the courage to leave behind a toxic relationship and start anew. She didn't know what the future held, but she knew that whatever it was, she was ready to face it." - from a reflection on "Pride and Prejudice" by Jane Austen

Summarize the Main Points and Start

Crafting a compelling finale

As we have seen, anyone who wishes to write a strong final paragraph appreciated by readers and reviewers should repeat the thesis statement, briefly reintroduce the main arguments, and provide a final overview on the subject. Emphasizing the thesis once more reminds the reader of the main argument presented in the essay and reinforces its importance. When restating the thesis statement, it is crucial to avoid merely copying the original sentence – this would lack creativity and create the impression of you beating the reader over the head with your point. Instead, you should rephrase the argument in a new way that still captures the main idea. This maintains reader engagement and showcases your expertise on the topic.

Summarizing the essay involves briefly discussing the key arguments and evidence presented throughout the paper. This can be done in a few sentences or bullet points, depending on the essay's length and complexity. In any case, the point of it all is to lead the reader to an understanding as to how the evidence supports and reinforces your thesis statement. You can use this understanding to advance an unique insight or to call for more research or action.

If you want to leave the reader with a sense of closure and deeper understanding, offer a thoughtful and insightful final perspective. When the audience finishes your essay, they should feel themselves fulfilled, like they gained something new they didn't have before. If these general instructions still left you muddled, in the next section we will go over them step-by-step.

How to write a conclusion paragraph - a step-by-step guide

A finishing paragraph is an essential part of an essay as it provides a final perspective on the topic and leaves a lasting impression on the reader. In this step-by-step guide, we at MrsWriter will provide a detailed approach to writing an effective ending.

  1. Restate the thesis statement This reminds the reader of the main argument or idea presented in the essay. However, this restatement should not be an exact copy of the initial thesis statement but rather a rephrased version that summarizes the main points of the text.
  2. Summarize the main points made in the essay Do not introduce new information in this step, just remind the reader of your key arguments that you have already made. Connect the topic to broader issues or trends This does not only provide the reader with a sense of closure, but emphasises that there's a big, broad world beyond the bare matter of your essay.
  3. Call to action or suggesting further research areas This can involve encouraging the reader to take action related to the topic or proposing new questions for future research, suggesting that your subject is far broader than a mere essay. This step prompts the reader to continue thinking about the subject.

Follow these steps, and you can create an impactful conclusion that leaves a lasting impression. Restating the thesis statement, summarizing the main points, connecting the topic to broader issues or trends, and making a call to action or suggesting further areas of research will help you write a strong ending that enhances your work's overall impact.

Cheat sheet for writing a conclusion

As a children's song goes, “and when it's time to go away, know how to say good-bye”. However, many student essay writers struggle with saying good-bye to their readers. Fortunately, with a little guidance and some helpful tips, anyone can learn how to craft a compelling finale that leaves a lasting impression on the reader. If you have a lot of trouble doing it, just follow our example, while taking care to replace our blanks with your own context:

In conclusion, it is evident that the topic of [insert topic] is of great significance in today's society [or for a specific section of society, if your essay deals with a narrower subject]. As [provide examples or evidence to support the importance of the topic], it is essential to understand the complexities and implications of [insert topic]. By examining [summarize main points made in the text], we can gain a deeper understanding of [insert topic] and its broader impact on [connect the topic to broader issues or trends].

Moving forward, it is crucial to [make a call to action or suggest further areas of research]. By [provide a suggestion for action or further research], we can contribute to [explain the potential benefits of taking action or conducting further research]. Ultimately, it is up to each individual to [insert final thoughts or recommendations].

Thematic table of phrases for writing effective conclusion paragraphs

If you're not sure about the appropriate language for conclusion paragraphs, or struggle with their structure, then writing a decent finale can indeed be challenging. A thematic table of finishing phrases might help you, or, at least, give you a useful pointer. This table can be a useful tool for organizing your ideas and ensuring that your ending is well-written, concise, and impactful.

Aspect Phrase Examples
Restating the Thesis In summary, it is evident that...As previously stated, the main argument is...To reiterate, the central idea of the paper is...
Summarizing Main Points In light of the evidence presented, we can conclude...Considering the main points discussed, it is clear that...After examining the key arguments, we can deduce...
Synthesis This analysis demonstrates the interconnectedness of...By combining these findings, we can see the bigger picture of...The synthesis of the main points reveals...
  • The implications of these findings are...
  • This study highlights the significance of...
  • Understanding the results of this research has important consequences for...
Future Research
  • Further research is needed to explore...
  • Future studies could investigate the impact of...
  • Additional inquiries should focus on the relationship between...
Call to Action
  • It is imperative that we take action to address...
  • As a society, we must work together to tackle...
  • This issue calls for collective efforts to find a solution for...
Final Thoughts
  • Ultimately, this paper sheds light on...
  • In conclusion, we can appreciate the complexity of...
  • Overall, this discussion enhances our understanding of...

Please note that this table offers an assortment of phrase examples to help construct effective conclusion paragraphs. These phrases are intended to be used as inspiration and adapted to fit the specific requirements and context of your writing, so copypasting them without changes into the text of your paper may seem dry and discordant. Always tailor your conclusion to suit the content and purpose of your paper, ensuring a cohesive and impactful ending.

Avoid Mistakes

Сommon mistakes in concluding paragraphs

Many writers make common errors when it comes to writing a conclusion paragraph. These errors, which range from adding new information to being excessively unclear, might leave the reader puzzled or unsatisfied. In this post, we will look at some of the most prevalent ending mistakes and offer advice on how to prevent them. Following these rules will guarantee that your conclusion has a lasting influence on your audience.

Common mistakes that writers make in conclusion paragraphs include:

  1. Introducing new information or ideas not previously discussed in the text.
  2. Using vague language that does not clearly summarize the main points of the text.
  3. Merely restating information without adding new insights or perspectives.
  4. Ending abruptly without providing a clear conclusion or final thought.
  5. Failing to connect the conclusion back to the thesis statement or main argument of the essay.
  6. Introducing rapid tone shifts by using excessively emotional or biased language that is inconsistent with the overall tone of the text.
  7. Making broad, unsupported statements without providing evidence or backing.
  8. Ignoring or dismissing potential counterarguments or alternative perspectives that may have been discussed in the essay.

By following these criteria, you may ensure that your conclusion has a long-lasting impression on your reader, successfully confirming your argument and delivering closure. A solid conclusion is vital in writing a great essay that resonates with readers and accomplishes its goal.

Tips for avoiding these mistakes

It is essential to sidestep common pitfalls and adhere to specific tips and guidelines to create a powerful and unforgettable conclusion. Here we'll go over some tips for writing a strong finale that makes an impact on your reader while avoiding common errors.

Whether you are writing a research paper, a persuasive essay, or a literary study, a robust ending always leaves a strong impression by giving your reader a feeling of closure and helping them understand your key ideas about the topic of your work.

Here are some MrsWriter tips for avoiding mistakes essay writers sometimes do:

  1. Stick to the main points: The conclusion should not introduce any new ideas or information. Instead, it should summarize the points made in the essay and bring them together in a clear and concise way.
  2. Be specific: Avoid vague or general statements. Instead, be exact about the ideas or arguments presented in the essay and how they relate to the thesis statement.
  3. Use strong language: The conclusion is the final impression that the reader will have of the essay. Use energetic and clear language to leave a lasting impression and reinforce the main points made in the essay.
  4. Don't be too repetitive: While it's important to summarize the main points made in the text, avoid being too monotonous. Find new ways to phrase the ideas or use examples to illustrate the points made.
  5. Connect to broader issues and end with a call to action: The ending can be an opportunity to connect the topic to larger issues or trends. This contextualizes the essay and emphasizes its global importance. Furthermore, depending on the topic, ending with a motivational call can be a powerful way to engage the reader and encourage further thinking or action on the topic.

By adhering to these guidelines, you can create a compelling and effective conclusion paragraph for your essay that leaves a lasting impact on your reader.


Ending your essay with impact: a few examples

A striking quote, a memorable anectode or a colorful visual almost certainly will both leave a lasting impression on your reader and effectively lay stress on the main point of your work. A well-chosen quote, anecdote, or image can stir strong emotions and vividly demonstrate the ideas presented in the text.

Here are some examples illustrating how to conclude an essay with a powerful quote, anecdote, or image:

  1. Quote: For example, if your essay discusses the value of resilience, you could conclude with an inspiring quote from Winston Churchill, such as, "Success is not final, failure is not fatal: it is the courage to continue that counts." This quote captures the essence of resilience, providing the reader with a memorable sentiment.
  2. Anecdote: If your essay discusses the value of civic engagement, you may close it with an inspiring tale of how a community came together to renovate a park or start a communal garden. This narrative will humanize your essay (that otherwise might've seemed overly dry) and give a specific illustration of the impact of community involvement.
  3. Image: A vividly described image of a sea turtle caught in plastic or a beach littered with plastic debris can be a striking finale to a paper on the consequences of plastic pollution on marine life. This description will leave a lasting impression on your reader who might be motivated to take action regarding plastic pollution.

The key is to select a quote, anecdote, or image that is relevant to your essay's primary theme and offers a fitting closure. By doing so, you will leave your reader with a thought-provoking and memorable ending that bolsters your essay's central message.

Key points of the article

In this MrsWriter article we provided a convenient guide to write a compelling conclusion paragraph, starting with restating the main statement and summarizing the chief points of the text. We warned against introducing new information, employing vague language or excessively repeating the same argument. We also offered tips for sidestepping these errors, such as concentrating on the primary argument, utilizing strong and precise language, and including a call to action or proposing further areas of research. Then we delved into the effective use of impactful quotes, anecdotes, or visuals to strengthen the main point of the essay and leave a lasting impression on the reader. We hope that our advice was useful to you in composing a paper that will receive top marks from your professors.

Next, we will answer some specific common questions students often ask from our writers and editors.


Q: How to format a conclusion paragraph?

A: A final paragraph generally follows a standard format that includes three main elements:

  • Reiterate the thesis statement: Start by rephrasing the central argument or thesis statement of your essay, avoiding a verbatim repetition. Instead, restate it in a manner that highlights its significance and pertinence to the reader.
  • Recap the main points: Subsequently, briefly go over the principal points or arguments presented in the body of your essay. Remain concise and refrain from introducing any new information or ideas.
  • Offer a final viewpoint: Lastly, present a concluding perspective on the subject, linking it to wider issues or trends, or proposing a call to action or outlining potential directions for further research. Conclude with a powerful and memorable remark that reinforces the main message of your essay.

Be sure to use a strong header or double spaces to visually separate the conclusion paragraph from the remainder of the essay. Also, it shouldn't be longer than 10% of your entire paper and shouldn't provide any fresh ideas or material that isn't discussed in the body. Save these for the main part of your work. How to open a conclusion paragraph? To open a conclusion paragraph, you can start by restating your thesis statement or summarizing the main points you have made in your essay. You can also use a rhetorical question, a relevant quote, or an anecdote to capture the reader's attention and connect your topic to broader issues or trends. The opening sentence should be clear and concise, setting the stage for the rest.

Q: How to write a conclusion paragraph in MLA format?

A: We offer these guidelines for composing a conclusion paragraph in any format, MLA included:

  1. Reiterate the thesis: To begin your conclusion, rephrase your argument in new language. This reinforces the core topic of your article and reminds the audience of your major point. You can do it like this:
    Original: "Women's representation in Shakespeare's plays underscores the societal norms of that era."
    Rephrased: "The portrayal of female characters in Shakespeare's works highlights the prevailing cultural standards and expectations of his time."
  2. Recap the primary points: Offer a brief overview of the crucial arguments or discoveries within your paper. Emphasize the most significant points from your body paragraphs without introducing new information, similar to the following:
    "Our analysis of multiple Shakespeare plays reveals that the author often makes his female characters adhere to traditional gender roles or experience narrative repercussions for challenging them."
  3. Analyze and synthesize: Link the main points of your paper, demonstrating how they support your thesis statement. Provide a final analysis or perspective based on the evidence you've discussed.
    Example: "Our exploration of Shakespearean women characters like Katherine, Portia and Beatrice reveals both the constraints imposed on women by society and the importance of challenging them”.
  4. Point out consequences or recommend more research: Discuss the broader implications of your findings or make suggestions for future research topics, for instance:
    “Shakespeare's representation of women helps us better understand historical gender norms and inspires additional research into the ways in which society beliefs are reflected in and, in turn, influenced by literature”.
  5. Conclude with a final thought or call to action: Conclude your paper with an intriguing statement or a call to action, if it aligns with the goal of your paper.
    Example: "Through analyzing the depiction of women in Shakespeare's works, we can recognize advancements in gender equality and strive for a more inclusive and fair society."

As required by MLA style, be sure to keep your conclusion in a professional and academic tone. In order to effectively summarize your paper and leave a lasting impression on your reader, don't beat around the bush – be short and to the point. Your readers will appreciate it.

Here is another example of a final paragraph in MLA format

"In conclusion, the evidence presented in this essay demonstrates that climate change is a pressing issue that requires immediate action. By examining the scientific data and the consequences of global warming, it is clear that we must take steps to reduce our carbon emissions and transition to more sustainable forms of energy. While there are challenges to addressing climate change, including political and economic obstacles, it is essential that we work together as a global community to protect the planet for future generations. Ultimately, the fate of our planet is in our hands, and we must take action now before it's too late."

Remember: when it comes to formatting headings, it is important to know not only about how to MLA format heading, but about others as well, so browse our website for additional information.

Andrew Preston

As a knowledgeable writer in the fields of health, biology, and psychology, I ensure the delivery of top-notch articles that have been instrumental in the success of many students.

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